Finger Print in India


'Finger Prints in India-2016' is the annual publication of Central Finger Print Bureau (CFPB) under the aegis of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) which presents the annual performance reports of the Central and State/UT Finger Print Bureaux (SFPBx), including the activities, achievements, database status, trainings undertaken as well as other useful information such as relevant laws, equipments, and authoritative books all at a glance enabling the finger print experts, readers and the stake holders throughout the country to equip themselves.


In the year 2016, CFPB has been able to deliver the desired standards by assisting in solving 07 cases received from INTERPOL, Nationalized Banks, Recruitment Agencies, Insurance companies and various State/UT Finger Print Bureaux. The bureau has been able to achieve a search slip trace percentage of 15.4 along with the examination of 121 document cases. The bureau has also been mandated to organize an annual conference of Directors of FPBx of all the States/UTs, 14th edition of which was organized at Bhopal, MP on 02-03 February, 2016 with a gathering of 94 delegates from across the nation. The bureau conducts the All India Board Examination during 19-22 November, 2016 for accrediting the appearing candidates as Finger Print Experts on being successful in the exam. In 2016, 97% of the 69 candidates cleared the exam and Ms. Ruchi Raghuvanshi from FPBx, Bhopal bagged the first position. During the 60th AIPDM held on 19-24 December, 2016 at Mysuru, Karnataka, the bureau organized the Finger Print competition in which a total of 114 candidates displayed their excellence in the theoretical and practical aspects of the FP science.


Main responsibility of fingerprint expert is to develop the chance prints left by criminals at the crime scene and to match with the fingerprints of the existing criminals. During 2016, FP Experts visited 54,349 crime scenes and developed chance prints in 19,450 cases leading to 4,723 identifications. Further, FP experts also receive arrested persons fingerprint slips for providing the previous criminal history by comparing with fingerprints. Expert opinion was given on the questioned documents referred to the Fingerprint Bureau. Since the total number is very large, each state has submitted few importance cases based on the sensitivity, value of property lost/recovered, detection of series of cases etc for printing in this publication. A number of cases were still large, some has been filtered by excluding similar types of cases. This chapter consists of brief description of 72 cases.


State wise Statistics related to transactional activities such as number of FP slips received, accepted and enrolled of convicted and arrested persons, number of crime scene visited, number of chance prints developed and compared, number of document cases received and opinion given are covered in this chapter. With respect to arrested persons, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat are providing previous criminal history based on fingerprint matching. Tamil Nadu tops the list with 484 cases of detection based on chance prints during the year 2016 followed by 297 cases in Andhra Pradesh. With respect to document cases, Uttar Pradesh is highest by giving opinion in 289 cases followed by Punjab in 233 cases. Following table shows the all India Statistics of the fingerprint transactions in States/UTs during 2016.


This chapter consists of the analysis of various finger print related transaction activities performed in States/UTs. Number of convicted Criminals during 2016 published in “Crime in India(CII)” is compared with the number of Fingerprint slips received at State Fingerprint Bureau which clearly indicates that FPBx have to initiate remedial measures by asking Police Stations to furnish FP slips of all convicted criminals. Cases solved based on the chance prints lifted from scene of crime is significant only in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana and in remaining States, the figure is very minimum. Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Rajasthan are providing the previous criminal history by matching arrested persons finger prints in significant number of cases. Large number of questioned documents were examined in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra.


This chapter consists of the information pertaining to Capacity Building and various training programs conducted during the calendar year. CFPB with assistance of NCRB organizes a number training/refresher courses for police officers/staff of FPBx from India as well as from foreign countries.


Useful information like Pioneers of fingerprint Science, laws related to fingerprints in India, Recommendation of XVII All India FP conference, Staff posted in various finger print Bureaux, history of Automation of fingerprints, availability of different type of equipment in each State/UT, AIBE toppers, some good books on finger print science, Contact details of State FBX are covered in Annexures.